It is one of two battalions that make up the The Royal Victoria Regiment (RVR), with its sister unit being 5th/6th Battalion, The Royal Victoria Regiment.
It can trace its history back to 1854 and the battalion has existed since maintaining an unbroken record of service, albeit in varying forms and under various names.
The present day unit traces its lineage from a number of previous units, including 8th Battalion (City of Ballarat Regiment), 59th Battalion (The Hume Regiment), 7th Battalion (The North and West Murray Regiment), and the 38th Battalion (The Northern Victoria Regiment).
Today the battalion is part of the 4th Brigade and is responsible for most of the rural areas of Victoria and protecting vital assets in the north of Australia.
The battalion maintains an affiliation with the 5th/7th Battalion, The Royal Australian Regiment, with whom many members of 8/7 RVR have undertaken periods of full-time service in recent times.