Most of the current facilities were constructed during 1965 and 1966 and were officially opened on 6 December 1966 by the Governor of New South Wales, Sir Roden Cutler, VC, KCMG, CBE. 1RTB conducted training for both national service and regular Army recruits, and during the Vietnam conflict between 1965 and 1972, in excess of ten thousand National Servicemen trained at Kapooka.
In 1985 Kapooka became responsible for the training of female recruits, who were previously trained at Georges Heights in Sydney and in 1993, Kapooka took on the additional responsibility of training reserve recruits.
The Army Adventurous Training Wing moved from Bonegilla to Kapooka in 1998 and on 1 December of that year the Army Recruit Training Centre was officially established. HQ ARTC commands the 1st Recruit Training Battalion and the Army Adventurous Training Wing. ARTC is appropriately called the 'Home of the Soldier'.
For more information on the history of the Australian Army, please visit the Army History Unit website.