M1 Abrams tank

The Abrams has the firepower, mobility and survivability to provide the key component in the combined arms team.

The Abrams tank is fitted with advanced composite armour, which provides substantial defence against enemy fire and improvised explosive devices. Fuel and ammunition reside in separate compartments to protect the crew from the risk of the tank's own ammunition exploding if the tank is damaged. The tank urban survivability kit also greatly enhances the Abram's survivability in complex terrain.

The Abrams is fitted with an onboard digital fire control computer which enables the gunner to 'point and shoot' to engage targets. This capability coupled with an advanced sensor suite, allows the Abrams to engage targets at extended ranges, day or night, even in adverse weather conditions.

General characteristics

Weight 62000kg
Length 9.83m
Width 3.65m
Height 2.89m
Crew Four - commander, gunner, loader and driver


Power plant Gas turbine engine 1119 kilowatts
Speed More than 60km per hour (standard terrain)

More than 40km per hour (cross-country)
Operational range More than 400km
Smoke grenade system 66 millimetre Launcher Grenade M250
Armament 120 millimetre M256 smooth bore cannon

12.7 millimetre M2HB QCB machine gun

2 x 7.62 millimetre MAG58 machine gun

Support vehicles

To support the Abrams, the ADF has produced seven M88A2 HERCULES (Heavy Equipment Recovery Combat Utility Lift and Evacuation System) armoured recovery vehicles. The HERCULES is a fully-tracked heavy armoured vehicle which performs hoisting, winching and towing as part of recovery operations and evacuation of heavy tanks and other combat vehicles.

The Abrams is also supported by heavy tank transporters to fulfil its logistics requirements while on operations. A range of simulators have also been procured to assist in training and crew preparedness.