1st Combat Signal Regiment
The 1st Combat Signal Regiment (1 CSR) provides communications and unit-level combat service support to the Headquarters 1st Brigade in order to enable command and control (C2) of forces assigned to the Commander 1st Brigade (Comd 1 Bde). 1 CSR is based at Robertson Barracks, Palmerston in the Northern Territory.
Structurally, 1 CSR comprises three squadrons: two Signal Squadrons (104 and 105 Signal Squadron) and a Support Squadron (HQ Squadron) in addition to the Regimental Headquarters. In order to effectively support Army’s only mechanised brigade, a number of platforms are utilised. These platforms are primarily armoured vehicles including the M113AS4s and Protected Mobility Vehicles that can provide a small manoeuvrable HQ, or a fully contained, field-deployable Brigade HQ capable of catering for over 120 subscribers.
The Regiment enables the Comd 1 Bdes C2 via the provision of strategic communications services and HQ support. In the field environment C2 is facilitated through the use of wide band satellite, the provision of unclassified phone services through the Public Switched Telephone Network connected to the Defence Voice Network, Video Teleconferencing and Deployable Defence Restricted and Secret Networks. Furthermore, 1 CSR provides the Comd 1 BDE with a quickly deployable narrow band service, allowing for access to strategic services on a smaller scale when manoeuvring around the battle field.
The Regiment also facilitates C2 at the Battle Group level by providing mechanised radio detachments. These detachments give the Comd 1 Bde the ability to interact with his subordinate units, using Line Of Sight and Beyond Line Of Sight digital radio bearers to provide voice and Battlefield Management System communication. 1 CSR is responsible for communication security advice and frequency management for 1st Brigade Units.
The Regiment has been continually participating in operations for the past five years and members of 1 CSR have served on active duty as part of Mentoring Task Force in Afghanistan, the Security Detachment in Iraq, the Force Communications Unit in the Middle East Area of Operations, and the Force Communications Element in East Timor. In addition to operational commitments, 1 CSR also provides a robust communications element to the 1 Bde Defence Aid to the Civil Community force that is on-call for six months of the year during the Northern Territory’s cyclone season.