1st/15th Royal New South Wales Lancers
In mid 2006, 1/15 RNSWL converted to its current Light Cavalry role and today operates with Land Rover Surveillance and Reconnaissance Vehicles and Interim Infantry Mobility Vehicles.
The regiment is currently comprised of a Regimental Headquarters at Parramatta, NSW and two sabre squadrons: one based at Parramatta, NSW and the other in Canberra, ACT.
The Regiment dates from the inauguration of the Sydney Light Horse and other cavalry troops in New South Wales in 1885. In 1899, a squadron of the Regiment, which had been training in England, became the first colonial troops to arrive in South Africa for active service against the Boers in the South African War.
In the 1914-1918 war the Regiment, being militia, did not serve abroad. However, most of its pre-war members joined the Australian Imperial Force (AIF). Subsequently the Lancers were designated as successors to the 1st Light Horse Regiment of the AIF which had fought at Gallipoli and later in Sinai and Palestine as part of the Desert Mounted Corps.
In 1956, the '1st' was linked with the '15th' making the Regiment also the successor to the 15th Light Horse Regiment AlF which had been formed in Palestine in 1918 from personnel from the Camel Corps.
The Lancers were granted the title 'Royal' in 1935. It was horsed until 1936, when it was motorised as a mechanised machine gun regiment. In 1942, the unit was incorporated into the 2nd AIF as an armoured regiment. Equipped with Matilda Infantry Support Tanks the unit served in New Guinea. In 1945 during the seaborne assault of the 7th Division on Balikpapan in Borneo, the Regiment made the heaviest Australian Tank attack of the war.
After the war the Regiment was equipped first with Centurion tanks until 1971, when it was converted to a Reconnaissance Regiment, and equipped with the M113 family of tracked, light armoured fighting vehicles.
In recent years, members of the Regiment have served with full time units in Bougainville, Rifle Company Butterworth (Malaysia), East Timor, and the Solomon Islands. The Regiment, with 21 battle honours, is one of the most highly decorated units in the Australian Army.
The motto of 1st/15th Royal New South Wales Lancers is 'Tenax in Fide', which is Latin for ‘Steadfast in Faith’.