3rd Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment
3 RAR, like the other two original Royal Australian Regiment battalions (1 RAR and 2 RAR), was initially formed in 1945 as the 67th Battalion to be part of the British Commonwealth Occupation Force in Japan. 3 RAR has a proud record of service in Japan, Korea, Malaya, Borneo, South Vietnam, Timor-Leste (East Timor), the Solomon Islands, Iraq and Afghanistan. The battalion’s most significant actions include the Korean War battles of Kapyong and Maryang San in 1951, and the 1968 battle of Coral–Balmoral in South Vietnam.
3 RAR served with distinction in the initial Australian Army deployment to Timor-Leste (East Timor) in 1999 as part of the International Force for East Timor (INTERFET), and, most recently, as the 3 RAR Task Group in Afghanistan in 2012. 3 RAR also formed the core of the ADF’s conventional airborne force from 1982 until 2011.
Due to 3 RAR's dogged defence at Kapyong, the battalion was awarded the United States Presidential Unit Citation – an award that today’s 3 RAR soldiers continue to wear with pride. The 3 RAR nickname is ‘Old Faithful